Sunday May 26th 2019

Foundations of nursing practice

The five new articles in the May 31 OJIN topic, Cornerstone Documents in Healthcare: Our History, Our Future, discuss a variety of aspects related to historical and current documents important to nursing practice and health care.

In the article, “Best Practices for Developing Specialty Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice,” authors Deborah S. Finnell, DNS, APRN-BC, CARN-AP; Elizabeth L. Thomas, MEd, RN, NCSN, FNASN; Wendy M. Nehring, PhD, RN, FAAN, FAAIDD; Kris McLoughlin, DNP, APRN, FAAN; and Carol J. Bickford, PhD, RN-BC, CPHIMS, demystify the process for specialty nurses who are creating or revising their specialty nursing scope and standards of practice. The article provides best practices for the developmental process and strategies to disseminate scope and standards documents to appropriate stakeholders.

In “Historical Perspectives on an Expanded Role for Nursing,” Arlene W. Keeling, PhD, RN, FAAN, identifies and describes historical antecedents, cornerstone documents and legislative acts that set the stage for today, laying the groundwork for an expanded role for advanced practice registered nurses in the 21st century.

In the article, “Cornerstone Documents, Milestones, and Policies: Shaping the Direction of Public Health Nursing 1890-1950,” authors Joan Kub, PhD, MA, PHCNS, BC, FAAN; Pamela A. Kulbok, DNSc, RN, PHCNS-BC, FAAN; and Doris Glick, PhD, RN, use a contemporary lens to examine PHN development from a historical perspective. The authors call for public health nurses to act on lessons from the past, strengthen the call for prevention, develop policies that impact population health and foster a vision that will guide the future.

To practice competently and with integrity, nurses must have in place several key elements that guide the profession. The article, “The Nursing Code of Ethics: Its Value, Its History,” by Beth Epstein, PhD, RN, and Martha Turner, PhD, RN-BC, discusses the modern nursing Code of Ethics and describes the importance of periodic revision, including the process used to develop the most recent version. The authors provide implications for practicing nurses to assure that the Code is a dynamic, useful resource in a variety of health care settings.

Guiding documents for nursing and health care support nurse providers throughout the world. Authors Richard Henker, PhD, RN, CRNA, FAAN; Manila Prak, BSN, RN; and Virya Koy, MNSc, MHPEd, RN, SNA, in the article, “Development and Implementation of Cornerstone Documents to Support Nursing Practice in Cambodia,” describe efforts in Cambodia to recover from the destruction of war and move the nursing profession toward a more sophisticated role for nurses. The authors discuss the development of cornerstone documents to guide patient care, and the impact of similar documents that guide nurses in the United States.

Read these articles at www.nursingworld.org/OJIN.

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